Soft clone

The first step-by-step example in this chapter is what is called a 'soft clone' and this is a clone that does not use any paper texture but has a very smooth finish. It is a simple clone that can result in a beautiful delicate picture and is a good one to start with. Try it with the picture that is on the DVD, it has been tested with this image so it will be easier to follow. Throughout the book the precise settings will be given for each brush and it is most important that you follow these carefully to achieve the desired result with the picture provided. Remember that if you are using a mouse you will need to use lower opacity settings. When you try this with your own picture the settings will vary depending on the content.

This particular cloning brush is used extensively throughout the book as not only can it be used for creating a picture as in this example, it is often used to bring back parts of the original image to a picture made with more painterly brushes.

To avoid any potential problems with brushes working differently to those indicated I suggest that you return the brushes chosen to their default settings. To return a single brush to its default setting first select the brush you are using and then click on the brush icon on the left of the Properties bar. To return all the brushes to their default settings click on the small triangle on the Brush Selector that is at the top right of the screen and select Restore All Default Variants.

Figure 2.5

paper.

Tracing

Figure 2.5

paper.

Tracing

Step 1 File> Open> DVD> Step-by-step files> '02 magnolia'. Step 2 File > Quick Clone. If you still have the Quick Clone settings on their default this should have created a new document, cleared the picture information and overlaid the Tracing Paper.

Step 3 Click on the document bar at the top of the clone and drag it to see the original underneath, Figure 2.4 {Figure 2.6 Original Photograph. shows the screen at this point. The tracing paper overlay is hiding what is now an empty canvas, click the Tracing Paper icon (shown in Figure 2.5) in the top right corner of the clone document window to check that this is indeed empty, click again to reapply the tracing paper. Remember that the original image must stay on the screen at all times as the brush strokes you are about to make will be coming from that linked photograph.

Go to Window> Screen Mode Toggle to put the picture in Full Screen Mode which allows the picture to spread across the whole screen, I prefer to paint in this mode which hides the original picture and makes it very easy to move the picture around. The keyboard shortcut for this is Ctrl/Cmd + M which is a toggle action.

Step 4 The Brush Selector is on the right of the Properties bar and is seen in Figure 2.7. The Brush Category should now be Cloners and if it is not, click the brush icon on the left and select Cloners in the drop down menu. \Figure 2.7|The Brush Selector.

To select a Brush Variant click the icon to the right and a long list of Variants in the Cloners Category will drop down. All these brush variants have been set up to work as Cloners with no adjustments needed which means they are ready for use immediately. Select the Soft Cloner; this variant will give a very smooth and gentle effect. Click the brush icon on the left of the properties bar to return the brush to its default settings.

Cloners

Soft Cloner

The Properties bar.

Figure 2.8

Step 5 Check the Properties bar at the top and change the settings to those in Figure 2.8. Enter 223.0 in the Size box, this can be done either by clicking on the arrow to the right of the figures and using the slider, or by typing the amount in and pressing Enter. This is a very large brush size, which will work well with the low opacity set in the next step.

Step 6 Change the Opacity to 3%, small adjustments of the slider can be made by clicking on the arrows at either end. Very low opacities are common when cloning from photographs but each type of brush will need a different setting so you will need to experiment with each picture before starting to paint. Make a few light strokes in the clone copy, start in the lower right corner and sweep out the strokes in the direction the magnolia petals take. You will probably not see any difference immediately because the Tracing Paper hides the very light strokes you are making. Turn off the Tracing Paper to see what you have painted so far. The Tracing Paper is usually only needed for the first few strokes and then it is better to remove it as it hides the result. Switch it back on every now and then if you need to check progress. Just paint the petals at this stage and leave the background till later.

Step 7 Continue to paint the image into the clone copy, the low opacity brush will allow you to do this very gradually. The effect to aim at is a very soft, delicate and dream-like quality. Check Figure 2.9 to see where you should be at this point. If you need to undo any step use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl/Cmd + 2 or go to the File menu and click Undo. The Undo function will continue to undo the previous action until it reaches the limit set in the Preferences section. Setting the preference limit is covered in Chapter 1.

Step 8 Reduce the Opacity to 1% to paint the background. We need just the hint that there is a background present without really showing what it is. Sweep your brush out from the petals but leave the outer edges white.

If you need to enlarge any part of the picture to see more clearly use the slider at the base of the document window. The keyboard shortcuts are Ctrl/Cmd ++ to enlarge and Ctrl/Cmd + to reduce. To move the enlarged section around the screen press and hold the Spacebar and click and drag in the picture.

Figure 2.9

Screen at step 7.

Figure 2.9

Screen at step 7.

Step 9 A very light smooth finish is required to create the soft ethereal effect but even by painting with great care there are often areas which are rather darker than is ideal. This is very easy to correct by some erasing of the area that you have cloned. Go to the Brush Selector and choose the Erasers brush category and select the Eraser as the variant. Change the brush size to around 223.0 and make the Opacity 1%, Fjjjjje2™ Building me d^fy. leave the other settings unchanged.

Step 10 Lightly paint over the dark areas in your picture until the finish is very smooth and even. If you overdo this stage simply change back to the Soft Cloner brush and clone some imagery back from the original picture. The whole process is very flexible and can be repeated as often as is necessary.

This finishes the first cloned photograph, now it is time to find some photographs of your own on which to try the technique. Choose a picture that will benefit from the very soft treatment, an important part of making successful images is matching the right picture with the right technique. You may wish to save your picture for future reference.

Background Pamflet Biru

Figure 2.11

Magnolia flower.

Figure 2.11

Magnolia flower.

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Canvas Painting For Beginners

Canvas Painting For Beginners

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