Textures

Making a paper texture test print Changing the paper scale Changing the paper contrast Changing the paper brightness Using extra paper libraries Creating your own paper texture

he huge range of paper textures is one of the reasons that Painter is so attractive to photographers and choosing the right texture can transform a picture quite dramatically.

In this chapter you will explore the library of paper textures that come as the default set, altering the size of the texture and also the contrast and brightness, all of which will change the appearance of the finished picture.

In addition to the default paper library there are many more papers available to load into the Painter program. You can also make your own paper and this is explained later in the chapter.

The picture below has had a canvas texture applied.

Figure 5.2

Original photograph.

Figure 5.2

Original photograph.

Corel Painter Step Step

To illustrate how different textures will change the appearance of your picture, this step-by-step example explains how to make a test print from one of the images on the DVD using sample papers from the default range which are loaded with Painter X program.

To access the Papers palette go to Window> Library Palettes> Show Papers.

Step 1 File> Open> DVD> Step-by-step files > 03 Manor House. Step 2 File> Quick Clone. Step 3 Select the Brush icon in the Toolbox. Step 4 Select Chalk> Square Chalk 35 from the Brush Selector. Step 5 Open the General palette, if it is not on screen go to Window >Brush Controls> Show General. Change the Method to Cloning and the Subcategory to Grainy Hard Cover Cloning. Move the opacity slider to 32% and the grain to 9%. The dialog box will change slightly depending on which brush is currently selected. Step 6 Change the brush size to about 99.6. Step 7 Open the Papers palette and select Italian Watercolor Paper. Step 8 Turn off the tracing paper and paint a few brush strokes down the left side of the paper. If you want to keep the test panels separate as in Figure 5.5, make a tall narrow selection with the Rectangular Selection tool and paint inside the selection area. When you have completed the first panel, go back to the Selection tool and click and drag inside the selection to move to the right. Step 9 Change the paper to Artists Canvas and make more strokes next to the original one. Note how different the texture looks. Try some more papers and see how the texture changes.

Figure 5.4

palette.

The General

Figure 5.4

palette.

The General

The Paper Scale slider controls the size of the texture on the paper. This is particularly useful when different file sizes are used. Generally speaking the larger the file size, the larger the paper scale needs to be to show a significant effect. The size to suit the particular picture is of course an artistic decision.

Step 1 Use the same photograph as in the last example.

Step 2 File> Quick Clone and hide the tracing paper.

Step 3 Select Chalk> Square Chalk 35 from the Brush Selector.

Step 4 In the General palette change the Method to Cloning and the Subcategory to Grainy Hard Cover Cloning. Move the opacity slider to 32% and the grain to 9%. Step 5 Change the brush size to about 99.6. Step 6 Select Simulated Woodgrain from the Papers palette.

Step 7 The top slider of the three in the papers palette controls the scale of the paper grain. Move the slider to the far left (25%) and draw a few brush strokes on the left-hand side of the picture. You will notice that the texture is finer than the picture you did earlier. Step 8 Move the slider to 50% and make more brush strokes next to the original one. Step 9 Continue to make more brush strokes with the slider at 100%, 200%, 300% and 400%.

Figure 5.6

palette.

The sliders in the Paper

Figure 5.6

palette.

The sliders in the Paper

You will see from your own example, and from Figure 5.7, that the paper texture becomes much larger and coarser as you increase the scale.

Figure 5.7

| The Paper Scale slider at 25%, 50%, 100%-, 200%, 300% and 400%.

Figure 5.7

| The Paper Scale slider at 25%, 50%, 100%-, 200%, 300% and 400%.

Beneath the scale slider is the paper contrast control which increases or decreases the amount of contrast present in the texture. The higher the setting, the more pronounced the texture appears relative to the picture.

Step 1 Use the same photograph as in the last example. Step 2 File> Quick Clone and remove the tracing paper. Step 3 Select Chalk> Square Chalk 35 from the Brush Selector.

Step 4 In the General palette change the Method to Cloning and the Subcategory to Grainy Hard Cover Cloning. Move the opacity slider to 32% and the grain to 9%. Brush size 99.6. Step 5 Select Thick Handmade paper from the Papers palette. Step 6 Move the paper contrast slider to the far left (0%) and make some brush strokes down the left side of the picture. You will notice that the texture is very smooth.

Continue with more test stokes, using 50%, 100%, 200% and 400%. The later ones will have a very hard contrasty appearance and the grain texture is emphasized. At the highest settings the texture is very strong. Different sizes and different paper textures can be mixed within one picture if that is appropriate.

In the papers palette the small square icon highlighted in Figure 5.8 will invert the paper texture and make the paint go into the hollows of the paper. This will have the effect of removing the texture, which is useful if you want to bring back more of the original picture.

Figure 5.8

grain.

Inverting the paper

Figure 5.8

grain.

Inverting the paper

Figure 5.10

| The thumbnails arrow.

The last of the three sliders in the Papers palette controls the brightness of the paper texture. The brightness is effectively the depth of the paper grain, the shallower the grain the less texture is visible. In common with the other two controls, as the brightness level is raised the texture becomes more pronounced. At very low levels the texture is hardly visible while at 100% the picture is only just discernible and the texture itself dominates the picture.

Step 1 Use the same photograph as in the previous examples. Step 2 File> Quick Clone and remove the tracing paper. Step 3 Select Chalk> Square Chalk 35 from the Brush Selector. Step 4 In the General palette change the Method to Cloning and the Subcategory to Grainy Hard Cover Cloning. Make the opacity 100% and the grain 13%. Brush size 206.0. Step 5 Select Thick Handmade Paper from the paper palette. Step 6 Move the Brightness slider to the far left (0%) and make some brush strokes down the left side of the picture. Continue with more test stokes, using 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. By combining the effects of the three sliders the original paper texture can be changed from a very smooth finish to an extremely rough worn texture in different parts of the picture.

Figure 5.11 shows an alternative way of viewing the papers in the Papers palette. Click the paper icon to show the drop down list of papers, then click on the next tiny arrow in that menu (highlighted in Figure 5.10) and select Thumbnails.

Figure 5.11

| The thumbnails view of the papers.

Figure 5.10

| The thumbnails arrow.

Figure 5.11

| The thumbnails view of the papers.

Photo Paper Brightness

Figure 5.12

Paper Brightness slider at 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%.

Figure 5.12

Paper Brightness slider at 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%.

Painter X contains many extra paper texture libraries which are not automatically loaded with the program.

You will need to copy the folder containing these files and place them within the Painter program on your computer, they can be found in the Extras folder on the Painter X CD. These papers are not included on the DVD which accompanies this book. Once you have done this follow the instructions below.

Step 1 On the far right of the papers palette, click the small right facing triangle to reveal the drop down palette menu.

Step 2 Click on Open Library and a warning message will appear asking whether you want to Append or Load the new library, click on Load. The Choose Papers dialog box will appear as in Figure 5.13, go to the Corel Painter program files and open the Paper Textures folder.

Step 3 Highlight the Library you want to load and click Open. The selected library will appear in the papers palette, replacing the existing default library.

Step 4 Try out the papers in that library and make a note of any that look interesting so that you can find them in future. Repeat the process with some of the other libraries. Step 5 To return to the original paper library, click on Load Library again gmmjUmjU^gmj^glllimjIlgllll^^^j Figure 5.Loading additional paper libraries. and in the Choose Papers dialog box, go up one level out of the Paper Textures folder and you will see a solitary file named Painter.pap amongst the folders. Select this file and click on open to reinstate the default paper set.

Painter does not offer an easy way to view all these papers as each paper library has to be loaded into the program before it can be viewed. A printed copy of all the paper textures available is included in Chapter 15. The thumbnails should prove very useful to help you decide which paper to choose and therefore which library you will need to load.

In addition to the many paper textures supplied with Painter, paper textures can also be made from a pattern or a photograph of your own.

Step 1 Use the same photograph of the Manor house for this exercise. Step 2 Click on the Rectangular Selection tool in the Toolbox.

Step 3 Make a rectangular selection of the wall just under the top left window in the image as shown in Figure 3.14. The selection can be rectangular or square.

Step 4 Select Capture Paper in the Papers palette menu and in the dialog box that appears, type in a name for the paper and click 0K. Go to Select> None to remove the selection.

Step 5 Your new paper texture will appear at the bottom of the papers palette, click the name to make it ready for use. Step 6 File> Quick Clone. Step 7 Select the Square Chalk 35 brush from the brush selector, it should still be set up for cloning from the last example. If not, change the Method and Subcategory in the General palette as previously. Step 8 On the properties bar set the brush size 60.0, opacity 26%, grain 10%.

Step 9 In the papers palette, move the size slider to 400%, the contrast slider to 179% and the brightness slider to 25%.

Step 10 Clone the right half of the picture using these settings, then change the size slider to 25% and clone the other half.

Using these two very different size settings will illustrate how the captured pattern reacts when used on a picture, this can be seen in Figure 5.15. The 25% setting reduces the selected area to a small tile that is repeated across the entire picture resulting in a strong pattern, contrast this with the 400% setting that creates a very rough texture where the pattern effect is much larger and broken up. These tiling effects can be reduced significantly if the tile has a very even texture. These are extreme settings and usually a more moderate size is used, but they clearly illustrate the effect of the slider settings.

Applying surface

Chapter 5 explained how textures could be applied when using a clone brush. This chapter takes this a stage further and you will discover how to apply these textures to your picture after it has been finished. The textures that you can apply are not confined to paper patterns and the examples show how to apply textures based on both the clone picture and the original source image.

The picture shown in Figure 6.1 illustrates how different textures can be applied to the same image. A rough paper texture was applied to the insets while the surround has received a canvas texture. This has helped to separate the elements and has made a more interesting design.

The picture of the mannequin shown below has had two applications of surface texture: one based on the image luminance, the other based on a paper pattern.

Figure 6.2

Mannequin.

Figure 6.2

Mannequin.

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