Watercolor Painting Tutorials
Watercolor or Digital Watercolor Watercolor explained Digital Watercolor Soft Runny Watercolor Dry Bristle Watercolor The step-by-step examples in this chapter will show you how to make clones using watercolor, oil and pastel brushes. These clones differ from those in earlier chapters in several ways, the method of building the image is to gradually bring in detail, and the result is a lot more like a traditional painting. The chapter begins with an explanation of Watercolor painting in Painter and the many different controls which are available to customize these brushes. A step-by-step example of Digital Watercolor follows with a scene featuring an old English building.
Watercolor brushes paint into a watercolor layer, which enables the colors to flow and mix and absorb into the paper. In Corel Painter, you can edit the Watercolor layer as you would any other layer even erase and blur without changing anything in the image layer. For example, you can draw pencil outlines in the image layer and then overlay watercolor shading without smudging the pencil lines. You can sketch on one layer and paint with watercolors on a separate Watercolor layer.
Painter has two categories of Watercolor brushes one simply called Watercolor and the other Digital Watercolor, so what is the difference and which should you use The main difference is that Watercolor brushes have to be used on a separate layer and those layers can only be used for Watercolor brushes. The digital version can be used on a standard layer and can be used like any normal brush. Digital Watercolor tends to be much quicker to use but the end result can look very similar depending on the choice of brush. If you are painting from scratch, the Watercolor brushes have more controls to customize the brush and is probably the one to choose. If you are cloning from a photograph, Digital Watercolor is often more convenient. In earlier versions of Painter the two were very different, however in Painter X they are now operating in a similar way.
Digital Watercolor controls let you create effects similar to those of Watercolor brushes without requiring a separate layer. The Diffusion slider is used to create soft, feathery edges on the brush strokes. For more information about diffusion, see Digital Watercolor Diffusion on page 172. The Wet Fringe slider controls the amount of pooling of water and paint at the edges of Digital Watercolor brush strokes. For more information about wet fringe, see Wet Fringe on page 173.
You can transfer, or lift, information from the canvas to the Watercolor layer. This is useful if you want to apply Watercolor effects to a photograph, for example. You can also wet the entire Watercolor layer, which activates a diffusion process that you can control. Unless a Watercolor layer is already selected, a new Watercolor layer is automatically created when a Watercolor brush is applied to an image. The Watercolor layer is represented on the Layers palette by a blue water droplet icon. When the icon is falling, it indicates that the drying process is underway. It is a good practice to monitor the Watercolor icon while painting with Watercolor brushes. If too many strokes are made within a short period, particularly with slow-drying brushes, the application can become slower. In this situation, it is best to wait for the drying process to finish before continuing. To create a new Watercolor layer On the Layers palette, click the palette menu arrow, and choose New Watercolor...
Step 3 Select the Watercolor Soft Runny Wash brush, size 100.0, opacity 2 . Click the clone color option in the Colors palette. Step 4 Starting from the bottom, gently paint into the picture allowing the picture to slowly reveal itself. This brush uses a lot of diffusion and is therefore very slow to use. Keep an eye on the watercolor symbol in the layers palette and wait for it to stop Step 5 Decrease the brush size to 50.0 and increase the opacity to 3 and paint over the key parts, which are the bridge, the foreground posts, the water and the trees. This will give the picture more shape while still maintaining the delicate overall appearance. Step 6 If the picture looks too dark when finished, lower the opacity of the watercolor layer. Figure 8.20 shows the final version. The end result is very soft and delicate and could be used as a base for a more detailed picture.
The Digital Watercolor brushes paint directly on both the Canvas layer or a default layer so you can create effects similar to those of Watercolor brushes without using a separate layer. The watercolor behavior of Corel Painter 6 has been integrated with Digital Watercolor, which allows for the dynamic adjustment of the wet fringe. Corel Painter IX and Corel Painter 8 handle digital watercolor differently. Corel Painter 8 can open any Corel Painter IX file containing digital watercolor, but the file's contents might look different. To ensure that the image looks the same in Corel Painter 8, you should first dry the digital watercolor in Corel Painter IX. You can use Digital Watercolor brushes to create effects similar to those produced with Watercolor brushes, without having to create a separate layer. Settings such as Diffusion, Opacity, and Wt Fringe control the appearance of the stroke. You can use Digital Watercolor brushes to create effects similar to those produced with...
The Watercolor brush variants produce natural-looking watercolor effects. All Watercolor brush variants, except Wet Eraser, interact with the canvas texture. Stylus pressure affects the width of the brush stroke for all Watercolor brush variants except Wet Eraser. Increased pressure widens a brush stroke less pressure narrows a stroke. Watercolor Dab Types Refer to Dab Types on page 205 for more information about Watercolor Dab Types. You can adjust the Water controls when you have selected a Watercolor brush from the Brush Selector bar. Located on the Stroke Designer page of the Brush Creator, or the Brush Controls palette, the Water controls allow you to specify various settings for your Watercolor brushes. For example, you can adjust brush size, control diffusion, and determine how the paper texture will interact with the brush strokes. Refer to Water Controls on page 245 for more information.
We'll choose brushes from the Digital Watercolor category, and then plunge in a bit deeper than we did with the Spring Flowers project in the previous lesson. Applying the Watercolor Color Scheme from the Underpainting Palette produces the effect in Figure 5.24. This file is provided in the Lesson 5 folder on the CD as beach_lady_compWC (comp stands for composite). Make a new color set from this image. Use Window Custom Palette Organizer to import the Watercolor Sketch custom palette for this project. Click on the paper swatch in the custom palette to establish French Watercolor Paper for your texture, or choose a different texture from the Paper Selector. Make a Quick Clone of the prepared photo so you can use tracing paper as a guide. On a new layer, make a rough sketch of the major lines and shapes in the scene using the Flattened Pencil with a dark brown from the color set. Choose Pointed Simple Water from the custom palette. But first, make a scratch canvas to experiment with...
Watercolor brush variants paint onto a watercolor layer, which enables the colors to flow, mix, and absorb into the paper. The watercolor layer is created automatically when you first apply a brushstroke with a Watercolor brush variant. The layer lets you control the wetness and evaporation rate of the paper to effectively simulate conventional watercolor media. Most Watercolor brush variants interact with the canvas texture, iou can use Watercolor brush variants to apply a watercolor effect to a photo by lifting the canvas to the watercolor layer. To paint directly on the canvas, use a Digital Watercolor brush variant.
The Watercolor layer is reserved for Watercolor brushes. It enables the paint applied with these brushes to mix and flow together, iou can create multiple Watercolor layers in a document. These layers are part of the layer hierarchy and appear on the Layers palette, where they are characterized by a blue ink droplet icon . In earlier versions of the application, if you applied watercolor brushstrokes, they were applied to the Canvas layer and, as such, were uneditable. Now, when you apply a Watercolor brush to the canvas or to an image layer, a new Watercolor layer is automatically created, iou can edit Watercolor layers as you would any other layer, including erasing and blurring, without affecting other layers.
This first Watercolor clone step-by-step uses the Dry Brush technique which is one of the easier Watercolor brushes to use. The painting method is to start with a Watercolor wash and then to use the Dry brush to gradually bring in more detail. Step 1 File Open DVD Step-by-step files '08 Lower Brockhampton Court'. Step 2 File Quick Clone. Step 3 Select the Digital Watercolor brush category and the Coarse Water variant. Use brush size 85.0 and opacity 1 . Click the Clone Color option in the Colors palette. Step 4 Paint a light wash over all of the picture area as shown in Figure 8.13, keep the appearance very light. Step 5 Change the brush to Digital Watercolor Dry Brush. Size 30.0, opacity 2 and grain 5 . Click the Clone Color option in the Colors palette. Select the French Watercolor paper. Turn the tracing paper on and paint over all the main shapes. When you turn the tracing paper off you will see that the shapes are very rough, go over them to make them more defined. Figure 8.14...
Before you start work on the next step-by-step clone it will be helpful to explore some of the very special features of the Watercolor brush category. This category has a lot of unique features and the following exercise will take you through some of the settings in the Water palette and explain how the brushes can be adjusted to suit the style of painting you need. There are 52 brushes in the Watercolor category and each one has a particular arrangement of settings in the Water palette, with so many brushes available it is worth trying out several to find the one you need before you start to customize the brush. Step 1 Bring the Water palette on the screen, Window Brush Controls Show Water will bring all the brush control palettes to the screen. Drag the Water palette out of the stack and close down the remainder, it is useful to have this palette on screen when using the Watercolor brushes, it is also available in the Brush Creator. Step 4 Select the Smooth Runny Flat 30 brush from...
When you finish the line drawing, you can eliminate the preliminary layers. A quick way is to hide the visibility of unwanted layers and use the Drop All command in the Layer menu. Now add a new layer for fresh color. Remember to choose Gel or Multiply for the composite method. The Digital Watercolor variant provided in the custom palette for this project is Pointed Simple Water. It is an ideal choice for applying blobs or streaks of color in as casual and imperfect a style as your line work. See Figure 4.14 for my effort. I added a second color layer so I could build up some tonality here and there. It turns out that the trick of making the Scratchboard Tool into an eraser works for this Watercolor variant as well. So, I was able to wipe out areas of color where they weren't needed.
Paint tools let you imitate a variety of painting and drawing media. For example, you can apply brush strokes that imitate watercolors, pastels, felt markers and pens. By default, brush strokes are added to the active object or background. Brush strokes can also be rendered as separate objects. For information about objects, see Creating objects on page 183.
The Watercolor brushes interact with paper grain the colors flow, mix, and are absorbed into the paper. The luminance information of the current paper grain is used to determine how the paint diffuses into the paper and how it dries. Y u can experiment by adjusting the sliders on the Papers palette to see their effect on the Watercolor brushes. The Scale slider controls the size of the grain. The Contrast slider, as it applies to the Watercolor layer, controls the height of the grain surface. Adjusting the Contrast slider to the right increases the height of the grain and adds more texture as a result. For more information, see Using Paper Texture on page 48.
The category name will give you the first clue, most of these are easily recognizable, airbrush, oil, watercolor, chalk, pencils. These speak for themselves. Categories such as Chalk and Conte have very hard finishes and so are good for picking up paper textures. Watercolor Watercolor
Painter's Digital Watercolor takes some experimentation to find the right combination of variants and technique to fool the eye. Close observation of traditional watercolor paintings will help you create the digital equivalent. Notice, for example, areas of exposed white paper and the vibrant accidents of overlapping transparent colors. The Wash Brush is fine for painting broad areas of color and works nicely as a transparent wash over other colors, even on the same layer. If you want to remove watercolor pixels, you'll need to use a wet eraser rather than a variant from the Erasers category. I applied some Gentle Wet Eraser strokes near the bottom left of the color layer for more pleasing edges. To create the fringed shadow, I switched to Fine Tip Water, which functions as an eraser when white is the current color. The Salt variant creates a good imitation of real-life effects. When you sprinkle coarse salt granules on wet watercolor, they soak up the pigment, leaving a distinctive...
Selected) or on top of the selected layer. New Watercolor, Liquid Ink, and dynamic layers are always created on top of existing layers. Depending on its transparency, masking, and compositing characteristics, the layer will obscure or otherwise affect the underlying layers.
The image with only color showing makes paper texture obvious. I happened to have the custom paper I made for an earlier project as the current texture. I didn't notice it as I was working, and it's too late to change now, unless I want to completely repaint the color layer. It looks okay, but if I had been paying attention, I would have chosen a more pleasing paper, such as French Watercolor. Many variants reveal paper texture even if they don't have grainy in their name.
It is worth remembering that often the only difference between one brush and another is just a few settings in the Brush Creator. The brushes are, after all, just presets made by the creators of Painter for our convenience. In theory you could use just one standard brush and by changing the relevant options in the Brush Creator, have everything from a pencil to a watercolor brush. In practice, it is more convenient to use the standard brushes and change a few of the options to fine-tune the brush.
Before a painter using a 'traditional', that is non-digital method starts to paint, two important decisions have to be made. Firstly, which medium to use which might be oil, watercolor, pencil, pastel and so on and then the surface on which to paint, perhaps paper, board, sandpaper, etc.
The Brush Controls include the following palettes for adjusting brushes General, Size, Spacing, Angle, Bristle, Well, Rake, Random, Mouse, Cloning, Impasto, Image Hose, Airbrush, Water, Liquid Ink, Digital Watercolor, Artists' Oils, and RealBristle. thumbnail previews of all the layers in a Corel Painter document. You can use the buttons on the Layers palette to arrange layers, use Dynamic Plug-ins, add new layers (including Watercolor and Liquid Ink layers), create layer masks, and delete layers. You can also set the composite method and depth, adjust the opacity, and lock and unlock layers. For more information, see Layers on page 241.
It is worth knowing that all the individual palettes of the Brush Creator can be brought on screen separately in Painter X, go to Window Brush Controls and they will be listed separately there. Because the General palette is used so much I have this on screen permanently, other palettes like the watercolor palette are on screen just when a watercolor brush is being used. liquid Ink Camel Hair Liquid Ink Flat Liquid Ink Palette Knife Liquid Ink Bristle Spraiy Liquid Ink Airbrush Watercolor Camel Hair Watercolor Flat Watercolor Palette Knife Watercolor Gristle Spray Watercolor Airbrush Send Camel Hair Send Flat Artists' Oils The Watercolor range of brush dabs varies depending on the type of brush, but all paint in the wet method and will distort the cloned image to varying degrees. The shape in the centre of the second row is the watercolor brush tip, the raised edges will give the wet edge that characterizes watercolor painting.
Historically, an underpainting was used to establish the overall color values for a painting. Similarly, the Underpainting palette lets you adjust the color, tone, and detail of a photo to prepare it for auto-painting. For example, you can darken colors to simulate the colors used in an 18th-century painting, or you can soften colors to simulate the colors found in watercolor paintings. Quickly simulate the color and tone used in some popular art styles, such as watercolor paintings or chalk drawings, by using a Color Scheme preset.
CorelDRAW provides 14 Art Strokes effects that give images an organic, hand-painted look. You can use these effects to turn your images into pastel drawings, sponge paintings, watercolors, or to create textured backgrounds for your artwork. The Art Strokes effects are Watercolor turns an image into a watercolor painting
The Cloner brush variants behave like other brush variants, except that they take color from a clone source. These variants recreate the source imagery while effectively filtering it, reproducing the image in an artistic style, such as pastel chalk or watercolor. For more information, see Cloning and Tracing on page 103. Coarse Watercolor Coarse Watercolor Digital Watercolor Digital Watercolor brush variants produce watercolor effects that react with the canvas texture. You can apply a Digital Watercolor brush stroke to any layer or the canvas. For example, if you're applying watercolor effects to a digital photo, Digital Watercolor brush strokes can be applied directly to the image.
Make some brush strokes on the default wetness setting, which is 937 for this brush and see how the paint runs down the page. This blending of color washes is one of the special characteristics of traditional watercolor painting and is caused by the liquid nature of watercolor paint. To get this blending effect the paper is tilted downwards and if you look at the bottom of the Water palette you will see under Wind Direction the arrow is pointing downwards, this is telling you that the paint will run down the page.
This was mentioned earlier and is a fascinating feature that replicates the ability in traditional watercolor painting to angle the paper downwards so that a wet wash will run and mix with other washes. In Painter both the angle and direction of the movement can be altered.
Step 13 Click the eye icon of the newly cloned layer to hide it, the screen will be blank again. Step 14 Make a new layer above the cloned layer. Rename it Square Chalk 35 in the Layer Attributes box. Step 15 In the Papers palette, select French Watercolor Paper. Step 16 Choose Chalk Square Chalk 35 brush size 45.0.
Most desktop inkjet printers can create very high-quality output. To enhance the fine art nature of your image, use special paper or other media designed for your printer. High-gloss heavy-weight photo paper might be ideal for some projects, and canvas or watercolor paper might be better for others. I printed my pencil clone pepper series on glossy photo paper for crisp lines and intense color. The chalk cloned peppers (from Figure 2.17) are softer and more painterly, so I printed that series on a Canvas sheet. See the Appendix for resources.
Step 6 Change the brush size to 35.0 and the Opacity to 5 . If you are using a mouse rather than a pressure sensitive pen I suggest you use 1 or 2 opacity, this will enable you to build up the textures more slowly. Step 7 You now need to choose a paper texture and if the papers palette is not on the screen go to Window Library Palettes Show Papers. Open the Papers palette and click on the small paper icon highlighted in Figure 2.22. This will reveal a drop down menu showing the Painter X default set of papers as shown in Figure 2.23. Select the Italian Watercolor Paper. Digital Watercolor Watercolor
The Wet Fringe slider controls the amount of pooling of water and paint at the edges of Digital Watercolor brush strokes. You can dynamically adjust the wet fringe on any Digital Watercolor brush stroke before you dry it. Dynamically adjusting the Wet Fringe affects every wet Digital Watercolor brush stroke, which remains wet until you dry it. Once you're satisfied with the wet fringe, it's a good idea to dry Digital Watercolor brush strokes. This allows you to dynamically adjust the Wet Fringe on future Digital Watercolor brush strokes without affecting existing brush strokes that you're satisfied with.
iou can adjust the Water controls when you have selected a Watercolor brush from the Brush Selector bar. Located on the Stroke Designer page of the Brush Creator, or the Brush Controls palette, the Water controls allow you to specify various settings for your Watercolor brushes. For example, you can adjust brush size, control diffusion, and determine how the paper texture will interact with the brushstrokes. Refer to Water Controls on page 184 for more information. Watercolor stroke before (left) and after (right) diffusion.
Some brush categories, such as Digital Watercolor, have eraser variants that only erase media applied by brushes from that category. These media-specific eraser variants are useful because they only let you erase brush strokes that you applied with certain brush categories, leaving everything else unaffected. In the following example, you'll paint on the canvas with brush strokes from the Airbrushes and Digital Watercolor brush categories. Then, you'll use the Eraser tool and the Digital Watercolor brush category's media-specific eraser to erase portions of the brush strokes.
1 Apply one or more strokes with a Digital Watercolor variant. The Wet Fringe slider is also accessible on the Brush Controls palette and in the Digital Watercolor area of the Stroke Designer page of the Brush Creator. To dry Digital Watercolor brush strokes Choose Layer menu Dry Digital Watercolor. Once you dry a Digital Watercolor brush stroke, you can no longer adjust its wet fringe.
The Corel Painter Brush tool offers users a wide range of preset painting and drawing tools called brush variants. Brush variants are organized into categories, such as Airbrushes, Artists' Oils, Calligraphy, Pencils, and Watercolor. They are designed with real media in mind, so you can select a tool with an expectation of how it will behave. For example, you'll find a 2B Pencil brush variant in the Pencils category, and a Fine Camel brush variant in the Watercolor category. The Brush Selector bar lets you choose a category and brush variant quickly and easily.
The Cloner brush variants behave like other brush variants, except that they take color from a cloned source. These variants recreate the source imagery while effectively filtering it, reproducing the image in an artistic style, such as pastel chalk or watercolor. For more information, see Cloning and Tracing on page 209.
If you are using a Watercolor brush, you can paint only on a Watercolor layer. If you are using a Liquid Ink brush, you can paint only on a Liquid Ink layer. For more information, refer to Working with the Watercolor Layer on page 142 and Working with the Liquid Ink Layer in the Help. If you try to paint on a shape, dynamic layer, or reference layer, you must commit it to a standard layer so that your brushstrokes are accepted.
There is a custom palette called Watercolor Sketch available for this project in the Palettes and Libs (libraries) folder on the CD. Import it using Window Custom Palette Organizer. It has three variants Flattened Pencil for preliminary sketching, Scratchboard Tool (a Pen variant) for line drawing, and Pointed Simple Water from the Digital Watercolor category to apply color. To change your color set, click on the Library Access button at the bottom left of the palette. Use the Open Color Set command and switch to Vivid Spring Colors. It's found in a long list of color sets in the Painter Support Files folder, and it's perfect for this project. Add another layer and use Digital Watercolor to dab in rich yellow, orange, and a couple of shades of green. Be sure to use the Gel or Multiply composite method for your color layer so the pencil marks can show through. I added a second color layer so I could overlay more color to suggest shading. Figure 4.11 shows my Layers Palette at this...
You can create new pixel-based, Watercolor, or Liquid Ink layers directly from the Layers palette. You can also duplicate layers and copy layers between documents. New Watercolor Layer You can also create a new layer by clicking the palette menu arrow and choosing New Layer, New Watercolor Layer, or New Liquid Ink Layer.
It is however advantageous to use RIFF when particular brush categories are used, these are mainly Watercolor and Liquid Ink, in RIFF file format these can be saved and re-opened at a later date and brush strokes can be edited. Mosaics are another case where it is useful for RIFF to be used for the same reason. If you are a Photoshop user it is easy to think of these as adjustment layers which are permanently editable until the file is flattened. Dynamic Plug-in layers which are available from the bottom of the Layers palette are also very similar to Photoshop adjustment layers and are not editable once the file is saved in any format other then RIFF.
The Transposer is another tool for creating alternative brush variants. In this case Painter starts with your current brush, which is shown at the top of the display and changes it to a completely different brush in a series of steps. Figure 4.19 shows how an Airbrush is changed to a Digital Watercolor brush, the Scratch Pad showing how the distinctive light spray of the
This next example uses a monochrome original and the unusual properties of a Liquid Ink brush to create a very hard rough finish. Like Watercolor clones, Liquid Ink uses a special layer which can be adjusted at any time. Because of this you will need to save the file in RIFF format until the picture is completed.
Step 3 Select the Sketching Pencil 5 from the Pencils category, brush size 175.0 with opacity at 4 . In the General palette change the Method to Cloning and Subcategory to Grainy Hard Cover Cloning. Step 4 Select the Italian Watercolor paper. Step 5 Sketch lightly over the picture leaving the edges white as in Figure 9.16.
Step 2 To remove the color from a photograph go to Effects Tonal Control Adjust Color and move the Saturation slider fully to the left ( 139). Step 3 Add a paper texture to the picture, Effects Surface Control Apply Surface Textures, select Paper in the Using box and 5O as the Amount. In the Papers palette choose French Watercolor Paper. Figure 1O.16 shows this stage.
Step 1 File Open DVD Step-by-step files 03 Manor House. Step 2 File Quick Clone. Step 3 Select the Brush icon in the Toolbox. Step 4 Select Chalk Square Chalk 35 from the Brush Selector. Step 5 Open the General palette, if it is not on screen go to Window Brush Controls Show General. Change the Method to Cloning and the Subcategory to Grainy Hard Cover Cloning. Move the opacity slider to 32 and the grain to 9 . The dialog box will change slightly depending on which brush is currently selected. Step 6 Change the brush size to about 99.6. Step 7 Open the Papers palette and select Italian Watercolor Paper. Step 8 Turn off the tracing paper and paint a few brush strokes down the left side of the paper. If you want to keep the test panels separate as in Figure 5.5, make a tall narrow selection with the Rectangular Selection tool and paint inside the selection area. When you have completed the first panel, go back to the Selection tool and click and drag inside the selection to move to the...
The examples shown below for Sponge Soft and Watercolor Broad brush have been made using the Auto-Painting palette. This palette is very useful as it can create the overall texture as an underpainting and then detail can be painted in by hand. Watercolor Broad Brush Watercolor Broad Brush
Y u cannot use Watercolor or Liquid Ink brushes to paint a shape. After a shape has been committed to an image layer, none of the shape-specific editing features are available. To modify the content of a new, pixel-based image layer, see Editing Layers on page 257. iou cannot paint on a shape using Watercolor brushes or Liquid Ink brushes, because they automatically create their own special layers.
Step 4 Select the paper, use French Watercolor paper from the Default set of paper textures. Step 5 Paint the top half of the figure in fairly roughly then reduce the opacity to 9 and complete the lower half including the blue towel. Go over any areas that need more emphasis.
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